• Depression is projected to be the leading risk factor for disability worldwide by 2030 (Mathers et al 2006)
• Clinical depression is the strongest mental disorder risk factor for suicide in youth and adults (Petronis et al 1990)

• Ireland has the 4th highest rate of Depression in Europe for 15-24 year old males (Murphy et al 2014)

• Sales of antidepressants were 4th most prescribed worldwide, accounting for $9.9 billion

• Women are approximately 1.5 to 2 times more likely to be diagnosed with an anxiety condition compared to men (Bandelow and Michaelis, 2015)

• The onset of anxiety is most frequent in children and adolescents.

• People aged 15-24y experience anxiety 40% more than 25-54y (Kessler et al., 2007)

• Anxiety disorders are the 6th leading cause of global disability (Baxter et al., 2014)

• There are many different types of anxiety disorders; social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, generalised anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

• In ireland, rates of anxiety have doubled from 11% to 22% for 12-19 year olds (Halpin 2019)

• Statistically those who are physically active are less likely to feel stress and have a higher sense of wellbeing.

• It is recommended that adults engage in physical activity for at least 150 minutes weekly at a moderate - vigorous intensity (World Health Organisation/WHO)

• Adults who meet physical activity guidelines were 42% less likely to report persistent fatigue (World Health Organisation/WHO)

• Physical activity has significant health benefits for hearts, bodies and mind (World Health Organisation/WHO)

• Physical activity contributes to preventing and managing noncommunicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes. (World Health Organisation/WHO)

• Physical activity reduces symptoms of depression and anxiety. (World Health Organisation/WHO)

• Physical activity enhances thinking, learning, and judgment skills. (World Health Organisation/WHO)

• Physical activity ensures healthy growth and development in young people(World Health Organisation/WHO)

• Physical activity improves overall well-being(World Health Organisation/WHO)

• Globally, 1 in 4 adults do not meet the global recommended levels of physical activity(World Health Organisation/WHO)

• Up to 5 million deaths a year could be averted if the global population was more active(World Health Organisation/WHO)

• People who are insufficiently active have a 20% to 30% increased risk of death compared to people who are sufficiently active(World Health Organisation/WHO)

• More than 80% of the world's adolescent population is insufficiently physically active(World Health Organisation/WHO)

• Between 10% and 30% of adults struggle with chronic insomnia (Sleep Foundation 2020)

• Women are more likely to suffer from insomnia than men (as much as up to 40% higher).(Sleep Foundation 2020)

• A 10% increase in body weight can equate to a six fold rise in obstructive sleep apnoea(Sleep Foundation 2020)

• Adults between 18-64 need 7-9 hours of sleep per night.(Sleep Foundation 2020)

• Adults over 65 need 7-8 hours sleep per night.(Sleep Foundation 2020)

• 42.6% of single parents sleep less than 7 hours per night compared to 32.7% of adults in two parent homes and 31% of adults with no children(Sleep Foundation 2020)

• A healthy diet helps to protect against malnutrition in all its forms, as well as noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including such as diabetes, heart disease, stroke and cancer.(World Health Organisation/WHO)

• Unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity are leading global risks to health.(World Health Organisation/WHO)

• Healthy dietary practices start early in life – breastfeeding fosters healthy growth and improves cognitive development, and may have longer term health benefits such as reducing the risk of becoming overweight or obese and developing NCDs later in life.(World Health Organisation/WHO)

• Energy intake (calories) should be in balance with energy expenditure. To avoid unhealthy weight gain, total fat should not exceed 30% of total energy intake. Intake of saturated fats should be less than 10% of total energy intake, and intake of trans-fats less than 1% of total energy intake, with a shift in fat consumption away from saturated fats and trans-fats to unsaturated fats , and towards the goal of eliminating industrially-produced trans-fats .(World Health Organisation/WHO)

• Limiting intake of free sugars to less than 10% of total energy intake is part of a healthy diet. A further reduction to less than 5% of total energy intake is suggested for additional health benefits (World Health Organisation/WHO)

• Keeping salt intake to less than 5 g per day (equivalent to sodium intake of less than 2 g per day) helps to prevent hypertension, and reduces the risk of heart disease and stroke in the adult population. (World Health Organisation/WHO)

• In Ireland, 91% of deaths are as a result of non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes. (World Health Organisation/WHO)

• The highest risk factor for death in Ireland today is Physical Inactivity. (World Health Organisation/WHO)

• The second highest risk factor for death in Ireland today is obesity. (World Health Organisation/WHO)

• The third highest risk factor for death in Ireland today is tobacco use and high blood pressure. (World Health Organisation/WHO).

About the Author Padraic Rocliffe

Padraic Rocliffe is the founder of The PIP Foundation.

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